Excursion on the

Summit Craters from South Etna

Summit Craters from North Etna

sommitali etna nord
Crateri Sommitali

The excursion on the summit craters of Etna at 3323 m. it is undoubtedly the most fascinating excursion, the most spectacular that only the Etna Volcano will leave you in your mind for a lifetime.

The excursion starts from Rifugio Sapienza at an altitude of 1900 meters. From here, take the Etna cable car which will take us to a height of 2500 meters in a few minutes from there continue with the Jeeps that will take us up to an altitude of 2900 meters.

From this last point the trek to the Summit Craters will start, which in about 2 hours will take us to the edge of the crater called “Bocca Nuova” formed in 1968 which is one of the four summit craters of Etna. After visiting the crater, continue towards the “Central Crater”, “Voragine” and finally “North East Crater” which is the current summit of Etna, that is, 3323 meters above sea level.

After the visit of the craters you come back down, descending from a “fun” sandy gully that arrive in a few minutes at the base of the South East Crater where a small break will be made.

Continuing in a southerly direction we will first reach the two Barbagallo Craters and then descend to the base of the craters to visit the effusive mouths and the respective “Hot Point” to then enter the respective lava flow channel.

The excursion continues towards the last casting (still hot) of 27 July 2019. After the visit of the casting that still today the inside is warm, a small break is made (break). After the visit of the effusive mouths the excursion continues towards the Belvedere of the Valle del Bove, a place that allows you to admire the majestic beauty of the great depression of Etna.

Subsequently the excursion continues in the direction of the crater called Cisternazza, to then return to the station of arrival of the Etna cableway at an altitude of 2500 m

The excursion on the summit craters starting from Piano Provenzana “North Etna” is undoubtedly the most fascinating excursion, the most spectacular that only the Etna Volcano will leave you in your mind for a lifetime.

At this moment the only excursion that can be made to reach the summit craters is on foot from Piano Provenzana. The trek begins in Piano Provenzana, to reach the Summit craters on foot, ie at an altitude of 3323.

In about 3/4 hours of trek you reach the Summit Craters, first you will visit the Central Craters and Bocca Nuova, then we will take you to the North-East Crater (the highest), and from the latter will begin the descent on foot , in the direction of the Piano delle Concazze Observatory.

After a short break, a fun descent will begin inside the “quarantore” gully, which will take us directly to Piano Provenzana.

Cratere Barbagallo - Valle del Bove

North Etna - Bottoniera of the 2002

etna bottoniera 2002

The excursion to the Barbagallo Craters (eruption craters of 2002) is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating and disturbing eruptions on the Southern Slope of Etna.

Both from a landscape and educational point of view, it will leave an indelible memory of this excursion on the Etna Volcano.

The excursion will start at an altitude of 2500 m. after taking advantage of the cable car that leaves from Rifugio Sapienza at an altitude of 1900m and will lead us up to an altitude of 2500 m.

Trekking on foot, starting from an altitude of 2500 m, in a north-eastern direction we will reach the Escrcat Crater in a few minutes (formed in the 2001 eruption).

Continuing towards the North we will reach the base of the craters of the Barbagallo craters. Once at the base we will first visit the effusive mouths and the respective “Hot Point” and then go inside the respective lava flow channel.

The excursion continues towards the last casting (still hot) of 27 July 2019. After the visit of the casting that still today the inside is warm, a small break is made (break).

After the break we continue to climb towards the Barbagallo craters. After visiting the craters at an altitude of 2900 m, the highest point of the hike goes down to the Belvedere del Valle del Bove, a place that allows you to admire the majestic beauty of the great depression.

Subsequently the excursion continues in the direction of the crater called Cisternazza, to then return to the station of arrival of the Etna cableway at an altitude of 2500 m.

The excursion to the Barbagallo Craters (eruption craters of 2002) is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating and disturbing eruptions on the Southern Slope of Etna.

Both from a landscape and educational point of view, it will leave an indelible memory of this excursion on the Etna Volcano.

The excursion will start at an altitude of 2500 m. after taking advantage of the cable car that leaves from Rifugio Sapienza at an altitude of 1900m and will lead us up to an altitude of 2500 m.

Trekking on foot, starting from an altitude of 2500 m, in a north-eastern direction we will reach the Escrcat Crater in a few minutes (formed in the 2001 eruption).

Continuing towards the North we will reach the base of the craters of the Barbagallo craters. Once at the base we will first visit the effusive mouths and the respective “Hot Point” and then go inside the respective lava flow channel.

The excursion continues towards the last casting (still hot) of 27 July 2019. After the visit of the casting that still today the inside is warm, a small break is made (break).

After the break we continue to climb towards the Barbagallo craters. After visiting the craters at an altitude of 2900 m, the highest point of the hike goes down to the Belvedere del Valle del Bove, a place that allows you to admire the majestic beauty of the great depression.

Subsequently the excursion continues in the direction of the crater called Cisternazza, to then return to the station of arrival of the Etna cableway at an altitude of 2500 m.

The excursion to the “bottoniera del 2002” is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating and disturbing eruptions on the Northern Slope of Etna. Both from a landscape and educational point of view, it will leave an indelible memory of this excursion on the Etna Volcano.

The night between 26 and 27 October begins a strong seismic crisis on the north and south sides. On the northern side of Piano Provenzana, in a few hours starting from the altitude of 2650, a particular eruptive activity began to form, called a bottoniera. From the eruptive fracture came out the lava that in fact, in a few hours destroyed two buildings used for catering and hotel activities.

The 2002 eruption was among the most impressive and devastating in recent years.

The start of the trek is along the dirt road that from Piano Provenzana leads to the summit craters of the volcano, after the first kilometer you cross the eruptive fracture of the eruption of 27 October 2002 on the path of “Monte Nero – Timpa Rossa”, the path allows you to discover and study the many volcanic morphologies, related to the eruptions that have occurred on the northern slope of Etna. A few tens of meters away you can also visit the eruptions of the side of September 10, 1911 and June 17, 1923 which threatened the town of Linguaglossa.

Timpa Rossa refuge

You can also reach the marvelous and suggestive Refuge of Timpa Rossa, immersed in a fantastic birch forest. Pause Pic-nic and for the most trained you can reach the Grotta dei Lamponi.

After visiting the particular morpho-volcanic structures called Hornitos from the Spanish “Small oven”, we will climb along the pyroclastic cones of the 2002 eruption until we reach the maximum altitude of 2100 meters on the edge of the craters, and then descend inside of a sandy canal to the starting point in Piano Provenzana

Etna crossing from Etna Sud to Etna Nord

Caves and Trails of Etna

Eruzione Etna 27 luglio 2019
bottoniera 2002 piano provenzana

L’escursione sui crateri sommitali dell’Etna a 3323 m. è senza dubbio l’escursione più affascinante, la più spettacolare che solo il Vulcano Etna vi potrà lasciare nella vostro mente per tutta la vita.. L’escursione ai Crateri sommitali potrà avvenire o da Etna Sud – Rifugio Sapienza o dall’affascinante versante nord di Piano Provenzana, (Linguaglossa). Entrambe con l’aiuto di Funivia o Jeep ci permetterà di raggiungere i 2900 metri di quota s.l.m.. Da quest’ultimo punto partirà il trekking ai Crateri Sommitali , che in circa 2 ore ci porterà ai 3323 metri.. La cima del Vulcano Etna!!!

Among the most fascinating attractions of the Etna volcano we find the numerous lava flow caves (over two hundred), of which some, among those that have a horizontal extension, can be visited (accompanied by a guide and with appropriate equipment such as helmets and bulbs) ).

Caves of this type can be found in Europe only on Etna and in Iceland. This particular type of cave is formed by the “enlargement” of the lava during the lava flows. This process consists of cooling and solidifying the external part of the casting in contact with the atmosphere. While the lava flow inside the flow continues to flow, maintaining its heat, as in a tunnel, until it is fed.

Once the flow begins to extinguish the duct begins to empty, giving way to a lava flow cave. The length of the caves is extremely variable (from a few tens of meters up to over one km).

Inside the caves it is possible to observe phenomena such as the “dog teeth”, or the lava rolls that form along the walls, formed due to the high temperatures of the lava.

The first cave that will be reached is the “Grotta dei Lamponi”, one of the longest caves in Etna.

After the visit of the cave we continue and during the journey spectacular volcanic morphologies of slabs and ropes, typically called pahoehoe from the Hawaiian and fascinating globular forms will be visible so as to be called “Monti dei Morti”.

After about an hour of walking you will reach the “Grotta del Gelo”

Serracozzo Cave - Serra delle Concazze

serracozzo

The excursion to the Serracozzo cave is one of the most fascinating treks that can be done on Etna. During the trek it will be possible to observe the vastness of the crater depressions, impregnated with sulphates, from which the great part of the explosive activity is expressed, arousing in visitors a feeling of arcane power that other few places in the world are able to transmit.

The starting point is the square in front of Rifugio Citelli at 1740 m.

The path in the initial part will develop inside a wonderful forest consisting of unique plant species of its kind, such as birch (betula aetnesis – an endemic species of Etna).

The vegetation will be interrupted by canals smoothed by the melting waters of the snow, after about 1 km and a half you will reach a valley that houses the Grotta di Serracozzo (1851 m), a lava flow tunnel created during the 1971 eruption.

The Serracozzo cave: This cave, in the upstream section, is contained in the eruptive fissure and has a lock-shaped section with a height of several meters, and no wider than 3 m. On the vault there are openings.

The downstream stretch is instead a steeply sloping tunnel, 340 m long, 2 to 3 meters wide with the floor consisting of scoriaceous lava. In the first section the walls are opaque but later still retain a glassy appearance.

Then uphill you reach the panoramic point called Belvedere di Serracozzo at 2100 meters, from which you can admire the Valle del Bove and the Summit Craters.

The descent will take place inside sandy canals up to the starting point. Piazzale del RIfugio Citelli